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Agroforestry

"Agroforestry can be defined as a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resource management system that, through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels"
(FAO, 2015).

Papaya and Horsegram on MRC

Agroforestry is therefore:

• comprising two or more species, at least one is woody and perennial

• yielding two or more components from the same plot

• lasting much longer than a single crop rotation

• always richer than monoculture

Agroforestry has a lot of positive effects, ecologically as well as economically, e.g.:

• diversification of products leading to higher income, especially on marginal sites

• better distribution of work peaks

• better energy and nutrient balance, reduction of element outflow/ losses

• improved micro climate

• increase of soil fertility through nutrient recycling and humus accumulation

• increased biodiversity, less vulnerability to pests and diseases